Should Social, Environmental, and Racial Justice Groups Sound the Alarm About the Digital Divide, Internet Access and 5G? (Part 3)
“It’s about time that we create a better, more equitable, sustainable and future, and we can do this if we work together. We need to embrace our responsibility to be fully and visibly connected to the fight against racism, and frankly injustices of all kind.” – Natural Resource Defense Council’s President and CEO Gina McCarthy, Virtual Conversation: The Deep Connection Between Healthy Communities and Racial Justice
In part 1 of this 3-part series, we looked an efforts by the U.S. to pressure other nations to raise their RF exposure limits to accommodate 5G; the fact that the FCC has already been auctioning off frequencies prior to the international community and ITU coming to consensus on standards; and the FCC’s bullying of other U.S. regulatory agencies.
In part 2, we looked at international exploitation via conflict and rare earth minerals, manufacturing, and e-waste, the economic divide, the racial divide, the safety divide, the override of individual and community rights, and active discrimination
Part 3, The Science Divide, the Technocracy Divide, the True Planetary Emergency
Health as a Human Right
In 2017, the World Health Organization affirmed the stance that health is a human right.1 “The enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition. Good health is also clearly determined by other basic human rights including access to safe drinking water and sanitation, nutritious foods, adequate housing, education and safe working conditions.”2
Health and Science are Intertwined, He Who Controls the Science Controls Health
Health is intimately related to the “science” that underlies health care policy, and “science” sometimes evolves slowly and quietly, behind closed doors, especially when money, power, and liability is involved.
For example, a generation of children, including toddlers, who grew up in the 1960s had their tonsils and adenoids removed. In fact, it was nearly a rite of passage. “It is estimated that in the United States 1,400,000 tonsil surgeries were performed in 1959, around 500,000 in 1979 and 250,000 ones per year in the last decade.”3
A number of new, unexamined environmental stressors were eroding children’s immunity, including but not limited to an increase in processed, denatured foods; an increase in passive television time at the expense of active free play outside; the unexamined use of chemicals and pesticides in the home; parents smoking in the home; increasing residential electrification, and increasing loss of extended familial and communities ties and interaction with grandparents and parents. 4 “Data show that in during the ’40s and ’50s many illnesses, of which the etiology or physiopathology were not known, were associated to tonsils as possible infectious focus. This resulted in thousands of surgeries. Tonsils were, then, removed and, in many cases, when there was no symptom improvement, so were teeth. As time went by, due to lack of convincing results and excess of indications, this procedure lost its reputation.” (translated from Portuguese).”5
Thinking About Health Differently?
What If medicine had treated infected tonsils as a warning sign that something needed to be addressed in the child’s environment?
There are three glaring omissions in the Western mainstream medicine approach:
- What environmental factors that cause a deleterious impact on children’s health may be involved?
- Do some children have a constitutional vulnerability for developing this illness? Why?
- Are there windows of time during which this surgery or any other aggressive health interventions would be ill-advised?
These three questions all point to the possibility of reclaiming a deeper literacy regarding health as a birthright, and a practice of harmony with Natural Law. This type of inquiry formed the backbone of Eastern approaches to health and healing dating back thousands of years. Both Ayurvedic and Traditional Chinese Medicine science quantified many of these practices. An uninterrupted lineage of instruction for living in harmony with nature cycles has also been passed down from the Tyrolean Alps. 6 Many indigenous cultures accumulated and passed down vast bodies of wisdom.
Inviting open-ended observation and inquiry about radio frequency exposure and its impact on health may determine what happens to everyone in this generation, and especially to children. Because, the wireless “science” on which we are relying, devoid of reverence, is not only dangerous, but profoundly corrupt.
Technocracy and Medicine Trumps Inquiry, Wisdom and Understanding for Tonsil Surgery, and It Is Still Going Strong
In the 1950s and 1960s, tonsil surgery required anesthesia, and even for very young children, usually involved an overnight stay in the hospital, featuring significant pain, separation trauma, and questionable results. In the Western technocratic model of efficiency, surgical outcomes for tonsillectomies focused only on the most extreme negative outcomes, and short-term variables, including how long the student or employee missed their regular activities (school and work). Then, as the for-profit medicine model took hold, patients were sent home as quickly as possible. Scrutiny shifted to financial outcomes for investors, drug and surgical companies, physician wages (usually males) at the expense of other health-care employees, and for-profit health care corporations.
Still, medicine has moved away somewhat from routine tonsil and adenoid surgery, decades later. “The immunological impact of tonsillectomy in children has long been studied among various physicians and is a continuous concern for the parents. Since the immune system is still growing in children, undergoing tonsillectomy can increase the relative risk of respiratory diseases to triple-fold. Tonsillectomy can also increase the risk for a chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder, upper respiratory tract diseases and conjunctivitis in some patients.”7 8
Is the practice of removing the tonsils similar to removing the warning light from the car dashboard? Does the question of the compromise of immunity, especially for respiratory illness, lend itself to serious inquiry, especially against the backdrop of death rates for covid-19? What other co-morbidity factors play a role?
The Skin, the Spleen, Dementias, and Myelomas – Can You Hear Me Now?
Now, epidemiological data is indicating lymphoma is increasing at a rate of 3% per year in the US.9 Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma considered an “emerging epidemic” by the National Cancer Institute.10 Since 1950, NHL has increased in frequency by about 4% a year. Overall, between 1973 and 1997, incidence grew 81%. NHL… is now the fifth most common non-skin cancer in the United States. Lymphoma rates are increased in those with psoriasis (a type of skin rash)11 Multiple Myeloma increasing world-wide, especially in the US. From 1990 to 2016, incident cases of myeloma increased by 126% globally and deaths increased 94%.12 Leukemia is up 35% from 1975 to 2016, likely due to an environmental cause, and it is the most common childhood cancer. 13 At the same time, the international standards setting body has made a ruling that skin penetration of 5G telecommunications by millimeter waves is irrelevant.
Juxtaposed with data about lymph-related illnesses, there is also evidence of increasing neurological death rates, especially for older women, and especially in the United States.14 These are expensive, devastating illnesses, including dementias and Alzheimer’s disease, robbing patients of their mental capacities, with a tremendous burden on loved ones.
With the benefit of time and epidemiology after the fact, patterns can become clear, but the control of the data will determine the accuracy of the conclusions. This leads to serious questions about the legitimacy of data-based decision making. What happens, for example, if the World Health Organization begins to collect disease data in 20 year cohorts instead of 10 year cohorts, and it is suddenly difficult to note the earlier age of onset of dementia in the 50 to 70 year age group? 15 What happens if some categories of brain tumors are reclassified as endocrine cancers instead of brain tumors? What happens if the industry-funded scientists studying cellphone and cancer disregard salivary gland and other types of tumors? What happens when health advisory groups are heavily infiltrated by industry?
Lymph, Tonsils, Myelomas, and Radio Frequencies from an Eastern Perspective
This discussion of both tonsils and myelomas may be extremely significant regarding the question of radiofrequency exposures and health, if the insights of traditional constitution-based individualized health vulnerabilities are recognized, for one very simple reason:
According to meridian-based Chinese and energy medicine, the organ that is the most vulnerable to radio frequencies is the organ that regulates the distribution of energy throughout the organs when the body is in homeostasis,- the Spleen, associated with the lymph and the thyroid gland. The Spleen works in concert with the fight-or-flight emergency response – regulated by Triple Warmer, which is associated with the Skin.
From a survival perspective, the Spleen archetype’s extrasensory capabilities regarding environmental exposures helps to protect the herd or clan, by providing an early warning system, similar to the Canary-in-the-Coalmine. Have women’s thyroid health challenges have been serving as the warning light in the dashboard, that our juxtaposition of man-made electromagnetic fields and frequencies has surpassed our capability to adapt?
In addition, the Gall Bladder meridian plays a significant role in the body’s electrical sensory system. Gall bladder removals and hysterectomies now fuel the surgical assembly line. From a Chinese Medicine perspective, they may be both related to radio frequency exposures. 16
Instead of neutral, investigative, holistic medical experts evaluating the effect of radio frequency exposures on health, a small group of technocratic industry insiders, mostly men, are dictating wireless policy for the world community. It is a planetary horror show of unparalleled scope.
The Science Divide and the Corruption of ICNIRP
Governments around the world, including the United States, have established their radiofrequency (wireless) exposure limits based on the ICNIRP (International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection) recommendations. ICNIRP only recognizes effects at “thermal levels” of RF radiation, limiting scrutiny to exposures that cause change in temperature. This is despite studies which have shown effects at below- thermal levels.17 The ICNIRP opinion does not represent the majority of independent EMF scientists. 18
The ICNIRP is a non-governmental, private organization, whose members have conflicts of interest due to their relationships with the wireless industry. ICNIRP members hold positions on influential policy making bodies such as the WHO, where they continue to spread their thermal-only paradigm.
A new paper by Lennart Hardell and Michael Carlberg details some of the compromised relationships, and exposes the lies that have been made by the ICNIRP, which are used by governments to perpetuate their thermal exposure limits in favor of industry,19 In 2020, ICNIRP increased the thermal exposure limits (established more than 20 years ago) even further to allow thermal effects to occur over small areas of tissue, including the brain. The decision was made in order to help the wireless industry, because the higher radiation levels from 5G equipment and infrastructure cannot meet the existing exposure limits (Ih the US, see paragraphs 127-128) 20 Both the 1998 and 2020 ICNIRP guidelines recognize only thermal effects and do not acknowledge any significant biological effects below thermal levels. However, the 2020 guidelines now permit large localized increases in temperature, and adopt 41°C as the threshold for harm for localized tissue heating (see p. 489.) (Normal body temperature is 37 °C.) 21
How have governments, industry, regulators, and the mass consumer culture disregarded scientific evidence, ignored reported harm, and/or suppressed documented risk to human health and the environment associated with increasing radio frequency exposures?22
- via lack of distinction between industry funded and independent research, 23
- via lack of monitoring and lack of investigation of health and environmental complaints
- via lack of scrutiny of the interrelationship, collusion, and corruption between the various recommending bodies including ICNIRP and IEEE ,24
- by using suppression, war-gaming of independent scientists,25 article retraction and censure of critical or cautious viewpoints,26 to suppress evidence that biological harm is occurring at non-thermal levels27
Most consumers assume that if products are in the marketplace, they are safe. The industry counters reports of health harm with engineering measurements relative to the theoretical guidelines, rather than utilizing science-based investigation by independent researchers to evaluate symptom onset and/or illness in relationship to exposures. Is the denial by international guidance-setting bodies of harm occurring at non-thermal levels, i.e. below the heating threshold, thereby allowing devices and infrastructure into the marketplace using a contrived, inaccurate, framework that is irrelevant for current exposures, reckless endangerment?
When the World Health Organization recognized that its ranks had been infiltrated by the tobacco industry, it was necessary for the organization to clean house. Hasn’t the time come to address the corruption of science by the wireless/telecom industries, in every country and decision-making body?
Are We Repeating the History of a Massive Failure of Technocratic Thinking 60 Years Ago?
Another massive failure of technocratic thinking unfolded, sixty years ago. The Great Chinese Famine, blamed on weather and climate conditions, was in reality, a complete failure of policy. Hong Kong-based historian Frank Dikotter estimated that, at minimum, 45 million people died from starvation, overwork and state violence during the Great Leap.28 NPR’s 2012 story on Yang Jisheng’s book Tombstone reports,
The origins of the famine can be traced to Mao Zedong’s decision, supported by the leadership of China’s communist party, to launch the Great Leap Forward. This mass mobilisation of the country’s huge population was to achieve in just a few years economic advances that took other nations many decades to accomplish. Mao, beholden to Stalinist ideology that stressed the key role of heavy industry, made steel production the centerpiece of this deluded effort. Instead of working in the fields, tens of millions of peasants were ordered to mine local deposits of iron ore and limestone, to cut trees for charcoal, to build simple clay furnaces, and to smelt metal. This frenzied enterprise did not produce steel but mostly lumps of brittle cast iron unfit for even simple tools. Peasants were forced to abandon all private food production, and newly formed agricultural communes planted less land to grain, which at that time was the source of more than 80% of China’s food energy. At the same time, fabricated reports of record grain harvests were issued to demonstrate the superiority of communal farming. These gross exaggerations were then used to justify the expropriation of higher shares of grain for cities and the establishment of wasteful communal mess halls serving free meals. In reality, grain harvest plummeted and since supply and demand of food before 1958 were almost equal, by the spring of 1959 there was famine in a third of China’s provinces.
What Were the Communist Policies That Really Contributed to Such Massive Suffering?
As reported in Wikipedia,
Along with socialist collectivization, the central government decreed several changes in agricultural techniques based on ideas of Soviet pseudoscientist Trofim Lysenko. One of these theoretic ideas which the Central government would test was close planting, whereby the density of seedlings was at first tripled and then doubled again. The theory was that plants of the same species would not compete with each other. In natural cycles they did fully compete, which actually stunted growth and resulted in lower yields. Another implemented policy was known as “deep plowing.” Peasants across China were encouraged to eschew normal plowing depths and instead plow extremely deeply into the soil (1 to 2 meters). The deep plowing theory stated that the most fertile soil was deep in the earth, and plowing unusually deep would allow extra strong root growth. However, in shallow soil, useless rocks, soil, and sand were driven up instead, burying the fertile topsoil and again severely stunting seedling growth. Additionally, in the four pests campaign, citizens were called upon to destroy sparrows and other wild birds that ate crop seeds, in order to protect fields. Pest birds were shot down or scared away from landing until dropping in exhaustion. This system failed and resulted in an explosion of the vermin population, especially crop-eating insects, which consequently had no predators. These radically harmful changes in farming organization coincided with adverse weather patterns, including droughts and floods. Frank Dikotter argues that most floods were not due to unusual weather, but to massive, poorly planned and poorly executed irrigation works which were part of the Great Leap Forward. 29
In 1962, Liu Shaoqi, then President of the People’s Republic of China, concluded after 44 days of field research in villages of Hunan at the reasons for the famine were 30% natural disaster and 70% human error. 30 There are some cautions to this story. Though blamed on drought and weather conditions, the damage caused by the Great Famine was clearly worsened by government policies. The government chose to revolutionize farming, by discarding existing knowledge in favor of new techniques. Many of the theories were flawed and the new agricultural methods caused more harm than good. The government suppressed all information about the famine.”
There are cautions in this story that parallel the wireless paradigm.
In 2010, Tombstone author Yang Jisheng was interviewed by reporter Louisa Lim. NPR reported:
At the epicenter of the famine, Xinyang in China’s central Henan province, the post office confiscated 1,200 letters sent begging for help. The level of energy expended on covering up what was happening is chilling. The book is banned in China, where histories blame the famine on natural disasters, the withdrawal of Soviet experts and policy mistakes. Yang says the first two reasons are just excuses that don’t hold any water. “Our history is all fabricated. It’s been covered up. If a country can’t face its own history, then it has no future,” he says. “And if a regime destroys history systematically, that’s a terrifying regime.”
In the United States, complaints of harm caused by the deployment of wireless utility meters essentially met the same fate at the hands of utility regulators, environmental groups, and politicians beholden to wireless industry.
Stacy Mosher, the co-translator of the English version of Yang Jisheng’s book Tombstone noted:
There were certain officials who within their own local parameters were able to save lives because they were able to ignore the central government’s directives. They had the moxie, they had the guts, and they saved lives,” Mosher says. “That is the lesson to take home: A system can be diabolical, it can be lethal, but the individual can make a difference.” 31
In hindsight, it is difficult to understand how the horrific, avoidable mass starvation chronicled in the book Tombstone could have unfolded, because it required the active participation of so many in mass deception.
There are those who are questioning the unwise “close planting” in this case, of even more proximal antennas. Smart agriculture promises the convenience of a wireless sensor to tell the irrigation system when plants need water, without evaluating the impact of radio frequencies on the seeds, which respond to the angle of the sun’s rays. Technocrats are implementing systems of wireless smart water meters, and odd-even watering directives, while those practicing biodynamic agriculture understand that plants thrive when watered according to the lunar cycle. Watering at an inauspicious time can lead to pests, and issues with roots, which then require the application of more chemicals. Research indicates that radiofrequencies increase terpine production in plants due to stress; is this maladaptation making forest fires more destructive? 32
There is another choice.
The current industry-dominated and surveillance-favoring dialogue regarding accessibility has focused on wireless, infrastructure-dense, resource-consumptive assumptions, rather than considering safer, more secure wired applications whenever and wherever possible, including in schools, homes, workplaces, health care and public facilities, and any place where freedom of movement is not needed.
There is an urgent need to recognize the demand for a healthier, less consumptive, more sustainable model for telecommunications that does not leave anyone behind, including health vulnerable citizens most affected by environmental exposures. Governments have gravitated towards wireless connectivity, instead of safer, more secure, wired connections because telecommunications infrastructure is a dual-use technology that also enables wide-scale citizen surveillance and data mining. This is happening, in part, by a lack of recognition by society of an underlying attitude of entitlement, exploitation, and manifest destiny,33 both for terrestrial land-based expansion, as well as in space.34
The World Health Organization revisited the issue of internet access in 2016, 35 focusing again on access to the internet not as an end unto itself, but as a driver for the promotion of human rights, with concern about nations blocking access, and engaged in censorship. Yet, a fascinating scenario unfolded against the backdrop of the covid crisis. 5G opposition groups were equated with a rumor that 5G served as a delivery system for the virus, and were then equated with individuals engaged in telecommunications property destruction, resulting in censorship of 5G opposition groups, due to the danger of covid misinformation. No one blinked an eye at the censorship. At the same time, the media and the public has been careful in discerning between legitimate non-violent Black Lives Matter protests and agitators.
The Council of the European Union published a press release, Shaping Europe’s digital future – Council adopts conclusions.
The Council adopted conclusions today on shaping Europe’s digital future, addressing a wide range of issues related to the implementation of the EU digital strategy. The areas covered by the conclusions range from connectivity, digital value chains and eHealth to the data economy, artificial intelligence and digital platforms.” Of alarming concern is section 36: ”STRESSES that the roll out of new technologies such as 5G/6G should preserve the abilities of law enforcement authorities, security authorities and the judiciary to perform their legitimate functions effectively. TAKES into account the international guidelines concerning the health impact of electromagnetic fields. EXPRESSES the importance of fighting against the spread of misinformation related to 5G networks, with special regard to false claims that such networks constitute a health threat or are linked to COVID-19.36
What is so remarkably alarming is the misinformation and misperceptions of 5G safety.
The wireless industry has failed to acknowledge growing commitment across all age spans to reduce destructive consumption patterns. For example, Amazon and other companies are responding to consumer sentiment by offering consumers the choice to bundle orders and reduce their carbon footprint, instead of routinely expecting overnight delivery. The food industry is responding to the demand for healthier fare, slow food, community supported agriculture, and organic non-GMO products.
The drive towards everything-wireless all-the-time is on a collision course with ecology and biology. A planetary course correction is underway, and the telecommunications industry and their partners need to have their sails trimmed, and come back to earth, for so many reasons. Social Justice, Environmental Justice, and Racial Justice Groups will hopefully be on the right side of history.
1 Health is a fundamental human right, Human Rights Day 2017 Statement by Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General 10 December 2017
4 Researchers eventually identified the routine use of antibiotics as a risk factor, with resulting anti-biotic resistance. Many have also questioned mass vaccinations and the introduction of fluoride into the water supply as factors that have produced adverse outcomes, recognized after the fact.
8 However, the surgeons don’t need to worry; there was/is plenty of demand for hysterectomies and gall bladder removals.
17 Medical therapies using non-thermal levels of RF radiation to produce health effects, such as stimulating bone growth, have been around since the 1970s.
19 Health risks from radiofrequency radiation, including 5G, should be assessed by experts with no conflicts of interest https://www.spandidos-publications.com/10.3892/ol.2020.11876
21 In the 1998 guidelines, only a 1 °C maximum increase was allowed for localized tissue and overall body temperature, and it even stated “adverse biological effects can be caused by temperature rises in tissue that exceed 1°C” (p. 507) and “altered thermoregulatory behavior starts when the temperature in the hypothalamic region rises by as little as 0.2– 0.3°C” (p.505) (The hypothalamic region is located in the brain). However, the 2020 guidelines now allow for a 2 °C increase in brain tissues and 5 °C increase in corneas, skin, and bones!
Tissue has been classified into Type 1 and Type 2, and temperature rises of 5°C and 2°C, respectively, are permitted for each of these tissue types, with no limit on exposure time (see p. 489)
Type-1 tissue is defined as “all tissues in the upper arm, forearm, hand, thigh, leg, foot, pinna and the cornea, anterior chamber and iris of the eye, epidermal, dermal, fat, muscle, and bone tissue.”
Type-2 tissue is defined as “all tissues in the head, eye, abdomen, back, thorax, and pelvis, excluding those defined as Type-1 tissue.”
p. 501: “The relevant health effects that the localized basic restrictions protect against are pain and thermally-mediated tissue damage. Within Type-1 tissue, such as in the skin and limbs, pain (due to stimulation of nociceptors) and tissue damage (due to denaturation of proteins) typically require temperatures above approximately 41°C… Within Type-2 tissue, such as within regions of the Head and Torso (excluding superficial tissue), harm is also unlikely to occur at temperatures below 41°C.”
22 International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (2020). Guidelines on limiting exposure to electromagnetic fields (100 kHz to 300 GHz)”. Health Physics 118:483–524.
24 Health risks from radiofrequency radiation, including 5G, should be assessed by experts with no conflicts of interest https://www.spandidos-publications.com/10.3892/ol.2020.11876
27 In the matter of greatest interest to the public, the FCC determined in its Resolution of Notice of Inquiry that no changes should be made to its existing RF exposure limits, which have been in place since their adoption by the FCC in 1996. The FCC stated, “we believe they reflect the best available information concerning safe levels of RF exposure for workers and members of the general public…” In so deciding, the FCC relied heavily on input from other federal agencies charged with regulating safety and health and “the lack of data in the record to support modifying our existing exposure limits.” Notice of Inquiry, each addressing various issues related to RFE. (See blog entries dated February 8, February 22, and March 1, 2018, for information regarding the 2013 FCC actions)
29 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Chinese_Famine edited for space
30 刘少奇”三分天灾，七分人祸”提法的由来 Archived 14 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Selection of the Party History (党史博采), 22 June 2007, Accessed Sept 1, 2018, CPC News. (in Chinese)
32 Influence of microwave frequency electromagnetic radiation on terpene emission and content in aromatic plants. There was a direct relationship between microwave-induced structural and chemical modifications of the three plant species studied. These data collectively demonstrate that human-generated microwave pollution can potentially constitute a stress to the plants. http://europepmc.org/article/PMC/4410321
33 Manifest Destiny, a phrase coined in 1845, is the idea that the United States is destined—by God, its advocates believed—to expand its dominion and spread democracy and capitalism across the entire North American continent. The philosophy drove 19th-century U.S. territorial expansion and was used to justify the forced removal of Native Americans and other groups from their homes. The rapid expansion of the United States intensified the issue of slavery as new states were added to the Union, leading to the outbreak of the Civil War. https://www.history.com/topics/westward-expansion/manifest-destiny
34 According to the 5G Space Appeal, “At least five companies are proposing to provide 5G from space from a combined 20,000 satellites in low- and medium-Earth orbit that will blanket the Earth with powerful, focused, steerable beams. Each satellite will emit millimetre waves with an effective radiated power of up to 5 million watts from thousands of antennas arranged in a phased array. Although the energy reaching the ground from satellites will be less than that from ground-based antennas, it will irradiate areas of the Earth not reached by other transmitters and will be additional to ground-based 5G transmissions from billions of IoT objects. Even more importantly, the satellites will be located in the Earth’s magnetosphere, which exerts a significant influence over the electrical properties of the atmosphere. The alteration of the Earth’s electromagnetic environment may be an even greater threat to life than the radiation from ground-based antennas. The Earth, the ionosphere and the lower atmosphere form the global electric circuit in which we live. It is well established that biological rhythms—of humans, birds, hamsters, and spiders are controlled by the Earth’s natural electromagnetic environment and that the well-being of all organisms depends on the stability of this environment, including the electrical properties of the atmosphere. Cherry, in a groundbreaking paper, explained the importance of the Schumann resonances and why ionospheric disturbances can alter blood pressure and melatonin and cause “cancer, reproductive, cardiac and neurological disease and death”.
35 “Another milestone was achieved in 2016 with the adoption of the resolution on the promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet by the Human Rights Council.”
UN General Assembly,The promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet, 27 June 2016 , A/HRC/32/L.20.
In a resolution (A/HRC/C/L.20) on the promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet, adopted without a vote as orally revised, the Council affirms that the same rights that people have offline must also be protected online, in particular freedom of expression; calls upon all States to promote and facilitate international cooperation aimed at the development of media and information and communication facilities and technologies in all countries; https://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/HRC/32/L.20